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Cameroon

Population: 23 130 708

GDP: 27 880 000 000.00 $

Description

 

French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon.

 

 

The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul Biya.

Population

 

Population: 23,130,708

 

Nationality:  noun: Cameroonian(s) adjective: Cameroonian

 

Ethnic groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%

 

Languages:  24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

 

Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

GDP

 

GDP: $ 27 880 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Cameroon Armed Forces (Forces Armees Camerounaises, FAC), Army (L'Armee de Terre), Navy (Marine Nationale Republique (MNR), includes naval infantry), Air Force (Armee de l'Air du Cameroun, AAC), Fire Fighter Corps, Gendarmerie.

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Joint Border Commission with Nigeria reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately ceded sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a full phase-out of Nigerian control and patriation of residents in 2008; Cameroon and Nigeria agreed on maritime delimitation in March 2008; sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty, which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Yaounde

 

Location: Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria. Sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano.

 

Geographic coordinates:

6 00 N, 12 00 E.

 

Area:

total: 475,440 sq km

land: 472,710 sq km

water: 2,730 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 5,018 km

border countries: Central African Republic 901 km, Chad 1,116 km, Republic of the Congo 494 km, Equatorial Guinea 183 km, Gabon 349 km, Nigeria 1,975 km.

 

Coastline: 402 km.

 

Natural resources: petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower.