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Congo

Population: 4 662 446

GDP: 14 250 000 000.00 $

Description

 

Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government took office in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President Denis SASSOU-Nguesso, and ushered in a period of ethnic and political unrest.

 

 

Southern-based rebel groups agreed to a final peace accord in March 2003, but the calm is tenuous and refugees continue to present a humanitarian crisis. The Republic of Congo is one of Africa's largest petroleum producers, but with declining production it will need new offshore oil finds to sustain its oil earnings over the long term.

Population

 

Population:  4,662,446

 

Nationality:  noun: Congolese (singular and plural) adjective: Congolese or Congo

 

Ethnic groups: Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%

 

Languages: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)

 

Religions: Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3%

GDP

 

GDP: $14 250 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Congolese Armed Forces (Forces Armees Congolaises, FAC): Army (Armee de Terre), Navy, Congolese Air Force (Armee de l'Air Congolaise); Gendarmerie; Special Presidential Security Guard (GSSP).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

The location of the boundary in the broad Congo River with the Democratic Republic of the Congo is undefined except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area.

Geographical Information and Map

Capital: Brazzaville

 

Location: Central Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon. About 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them.

 

Geographic coordinates:

1 00 S, 15 00 E.

 

Area:

total: 342,000 sq km

land: 341,500 sq km

water: 500 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 5,008 km

border countries: Angola 231 km, Cameroon 494 km, Central African Republic 487 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,229 km, Gabon 2,567 km.

 

Coastline: 169 km.

 

Natural resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower.