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Cyprus

Population: 1 172 458

GDP: 21 780 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 1

Description

 

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island.

 

 

In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to overthrow the elected president of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot-occupied area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), but it is recognized only by Turkey. In February 2014, after a hiatus of nearly two years, the leaders of the two communities resumed formal discussions under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The talks are ongoing.

 

 

The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states.

Population

 

Population: 1,172,458 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Cypriot(s) adjective: Cypriot

 

Ethnic groups: Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5%

 

Languages: Greek (official) 80.9%, Turkish (official) 0.2%, English 4.1%, Romanian 2.9%, Russian 2.5%, Bulgarian 2.2%, Arabic 1.2%, Filippino 1.1%, other 4.3%, unspecified 0.6%

 

Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%

GDP

 

GDP: $ 21 780 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Republic of Cyprus: Cypriot National Guard (Ethniki Froura, EF; includes naval and air elements); Northern Cyprus: Turkish Cypriot Security Force (GKK).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Hostilities in 1974 divided the island into two de facto autonomous entities, the internationally recognized Cypriot Government and a Turkish-Cypriot community (north Cyprus); the 1,000-strong UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) has served in Cyprus since 1964 and maintains the buffer zone between north and south; on 1 May 2004, Cyprus entered the European Union still divided, with the EU's body of legislation and standards (acquis communitaire) suspended in the north; Turkey protests Cypriot Government creating hydrocarbon blocks and maritime boundary with Lebanon in March 2007.

 

Refugees and internally displaced persons: 208,000 (both Turkish and Greek Cypriots; many displaced since 1974)

 

Cyprus is minor transit point for heroin and hashish via air routes and container traffic to Europe, especially from Lebanon and Turkey; some cocaine transits as well; despite a strengthening of anti-money-laundering legislation, remains vulnerable to money laundering; reporting of suspicious transactions in offshore sector remains weak.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Nicosia (Lefkosia/Lefkosa)

 

Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. The third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia).

 

Geographic coordinates:

35 00 N, 33 00 E.

 

Area:

total: 9,251 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)

land: 9,241 sq km

water: 10 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 156 km

border sovereign base areas: Akrotiri 48 km, Dhekelia 108 km.

 

Coastline: 648 km.

 

Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.