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Hong Kong

Population: 7 112 688

GDP: 272 100 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 5

Description

 

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997.

 

 

In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the subsequent 50 years.

Population

 

Population: 7,112,688 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Chinese/Hong Konger adjective: Chinese/Hong Kong

 

Ethnic groups: Chinese 93.1%, Indonesian 1.9%, Filipino 1.9%, other 3%

 

Languages: Cantonese (official) 89.5%, English (official) 3.5%, Putonghua (Mandarin) 1.4%, other Chinese dialects 4%, other 1.6%

 

Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%

GDP

 

GDP: $ 272 100 000 000.00 (2013)

Governmental Structures

 

 

Military Organization

 

No regular indigenous military forces; Hong Kong garrison of China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) includes elements of the PLA Ground Forces, PLA Navy, and PLA Air Force; these forces are under the direct leadership of the Central Military Commission in Beijing and under administrative control of the adjacent Guangzhou Military Region.

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Hong Kong plans to reduce its 2,800-hectare Frontier Closed Area (FCA) to 400 hectares by 2015; the FCA was established in 1951 as a buffer zone between Hong Kong and mainland China to prevent illegal migration from and the smuggling of goods.

 

Despite strenuous law enforcement efforts, faces difficult challenges in controlling transit of heroin and methamphetamine to regional and world markets; modern banking system provides conduit for money laundering; rising indigenous use of synthetic drugs, especially among young people.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China. Hong Kong is composed of more than 200 islands.

 

Geographic coordinates:

22 15 N, 114 10 E

 

Area:

total: 1,104 sq km

land: 1,054 sq km

water: 50 sq km

 

 

Land boundaries:

total: 33 km

regional border: China 33 km

 

Coastline: 733 km

 

Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar