Previous
Profile
Next
Profile

Hungary

Population: 9 919 128

GDP: 130 600 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 5

Description

 

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I.

 

 

The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos Kadar in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.

Population

 

Population: 9,919,128 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Hungarian(s) adjective: Hungarian

 

Ethnic groups: Hungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8%

 

Languages: Hungarian 84.6%, other or unspecified 16.4%

 

Religions: Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2%

 

GDP

 

GDP: $ 130 600 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Hungarian Defense Forces: Land Forces, Hungarian Air Force (Magyar Legiero, ML).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Bilateral government, legal, technical and economic working group negotiations continue in 2006 with Slovakia over Hungary's failure to complete its portion of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric dam project along the Danube; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Hungary has implemented the strict Schengen border rules.

 

Hungary is transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and cannabis and for South American cocaine destined for Western Europe; limited producer of precursor chemicals, particularly for amphetamine and methamphetamine; efforts to counter money laundering, related to organized crime and drug trafficking are improving but remain vulnerable; significant consumer of ecstasy.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Budapest

 

Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania. Hungary is landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin; the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions.

 

Geographic coordinates:

47 00 N, 20 00 E

 

Area:

total: 93,028 sq km

land: 89,608 sq km

water: 3,420 sq km

 

 

Land boundaries:    

total: 2,106 km

border countries: Austria 321 km, Croatia 348 km, Romania 424 km, Serbia 164 km, Slovakia 627 km, Slovenia 94 km, Ukraine 128 km

 

 

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

 

 

Natural resources: bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land