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Albania

Population: 3 020 209

GDP: 12 900 000 000.00 $

Military Budget: 189 000 000.00 $

Description

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939, and occupied by Germany in 1943. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy.

 

The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, each of Albania's post-communist elections have been marred by claims of electoral fraud.

 

The 2009 general elections resulted in a coalition government, the first such in the country's history. In 2013, general elections achieved a peaceful transition of power and a second successive coalition government. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, it has slowed, and the country is still one of the poorest in Europe. A large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure remain obstacles.

Population

Population: 3,020,209 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Albanian(s)  adjective: Albanian

 

Ethnic groups: Albanian 82.6%, Greek 0.9%, other 1% (including Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Macedonian, Montenegrin, and Egyptian), unspecified 15.5%

 

Languages: Albanian 98.8% (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Roma, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1%

 

Religions: Muslim 56.7%, Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 6.8%, atheist 2.5%, Bektashi (a Sufi order) 2.1%, other 5.7%, unspecified 16.2%

Armed Forces

 Total Personnel 

   Army  

  Air Foces 

 Navy 

 Paramilitaries 

15400

8300

1400

1600

4100

Reserves

20000

 

 

 

GDP

GDP: $12 900 000 000,00 (2014)

Military Budget

$ 189 000 000,00 (2014)

Governmental Structures

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs - http://www.punetejashtme.gov.al/

 

Ministry of Defense - http://www.mod.gov.al

Military Organization

 

Land Forces Command, Navy Force Command, Air Forces Command

Military Equipment

 

AIR FORCES

 

Fixed Wing

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

Y-5

SAIC

Transport

11

4

1963

 

 

 

Rotary Wing

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

A 109C

Agusta

Utility

1

1

2007

 

2

BO 105E4

Eurocopter

Utility

6

6

2007

 

3

205A

Agusta-Bell

Utility

3

3

2004

 

4

206C-1

JetRanger

Agusta-Bell

Utility

7

7

2003

 

 

 

ARMY

 

Armoured Equipment

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

Type 59

NORINCO

Main Battle Tank

723

40

n/a

 

2

M113

BAE Systems

Armoured Personnel

Carrier

50

37

n/a

 

3

Type 531

NORINCO

Armoured Personnel

Carrier

90

86

n/a

 

4

Type 77

NORINCO

Armoured Personnel

Carrier

20

20

n/a

 

 

 

Artillery

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

122 mm M1938 (M-30)

n/a

Howitzer

100

100

n/a

 

2

152 mm M1943 (D-1)

Joint Stock Company

Spetstehnika

Howitzer

73

n/a

n/a

 

3

152 mm Type 66 (D-20)

NORINCO

Gun-Howitzer

75

54

n/a

 

4

152 mm M1937

n/a

Gun-Howitzer

85

n/a

n/a

 

5

130 mm Type 59-1

NORINCO

Field Gun

100

18

n/a

 

6

85 mm Type 56

NORINCO

Field Gun

n/a

61

n/a

 

7

122 mm Type 60 (D-74)

NORINCO

Field Gun

n/a

198

n/a

 

8

122 mm M1931/7

n/a

Corps Gun

500

n/a

n/a

 

9

76 mm M1942

n/a

Divisional Gun

100

n/a

n/a

 

10

160 mm M43

n/a

Mortar

200

200

n/a

 

11

120 mm M43

n/a

Mortar

108

n/a

n/a

 

12

82 mm M37

n/a

Mortar

135

n/a

n/a

 

13

107 mm Type 63

NORINCO

Multiple Rocket System

200

50

n/a

 

 

 

Anti-Tank Weapons

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

100 mm Type 86

NORINCO

Anti-Tank Gun

50

50

n/a

 

2

57 mm M1943

n/a

Anti-Tank Gun

12

n/a

n/a

 

3

45 mm M1942

n/a

Anti-Tank Gun

12

n/a

n/a

 

4

82 mm T21

n/a

Recoilless Rifle

200

200

n/a

 

5

14.5 mm PTRS

n/a

Anti-Tank Rifle

500

n/a

n/a

 

6

SU-100

n/a

Tank Destroyer

35

n/a

n/a

 

7

SU-76

n/a

Tank Destroyer

250

n/a

n/a

 

 

 

Air Defence Weapons

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

HN-5

n/a

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

100

100

1978

 

2

9K32M Strela-2M (SA-7b

«Grail»)

Yugoimport SDPR

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

3

HQ-2 (CSA-1)

China National Precision

Machinery Import and

Export Corporation

Medium-to-High-

Altitude Surface-to-

Air Missile

24

24

n/a

 

4

85 mm M1939 (KS-12)

Former USSR factories

Anti-Aircraft Gun

30

30

n/a

 

5

100 mm KIS-19

Former USSR factories

Anti-Aircraft Gun

n/a

56

n/a

 

6

57 mm S-60

GPO Aleksinskiy

Khimkombinat

Anti-Aircraft Gun

82

82

n/a

 

7

37 mm M1939

Former USSR factories

Anti-Aircraft Gun

n/a

100

n/a

 

8

23 mm ZPU-1

n/a

Anti-Aircraft Gun

n/a

12

n/a

 

9

23 mm ZU-23-2

Former USSR factories

Anti-Aircraft Gun

n/a

12

n/a

 

10

Small Arms

n/a

Small Arms

n/a

n/a

1994

Delivered from Germany. Ex-NVA equipment

11

Uniforms

n/a

Uniforms

n/a

n/a

1994

Delivered from Germany. Ex-NVA equipment

 

 

 

Infantry Weapons

 

Denomination

Type

1

7.62 mm Tokarev

Pistol

2

7.62 mm Simonov SKS

Rifle

3

7.62 mm M44 Carbine

Rifle

4

7.62 mm AK-47

Rifle

5

7.62 mm AKM

Assault Rifle

6

5.56 mm ARX-160 with

GLX-160

Assault Rifle with Grenade Launcher

7

7.62 mm PPD-40

Sub-Machine Gun

8

7.62 mm PPS-41

Sub-Machine Gun

9

7.62 mm RP-46

Light Machine Gun

10

7.62 mm RPD, RPK

Light Machine Gun

11

14.5 mm KPV

Heavy Machine Gun

12

12.7 mm DShK

Heavy Machine Gun

 

 

 

Army Aviation

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

Z-5 (Mi-4)

HAIC

Helicopter - Attack

20

n/a

n/a

 

2

Bell 212

Agusta-Bell

Helicopter - Utility

1

n/a

n/a

 

3

SA 316

Eurocopter

(Aerospatiale)

Helicopter - Utility

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

4

BO 105

Eurocopter

Helicopter - EMS,

SAR and VIP

12

n/a

2006

 

 

 

 

NAVAL FORCES

 

Surface Fleet

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

Shanghai II

n/a

Fast Attack Craft-Gun

6

1

1974

 

2

PO2

n/a

Patrol Craft -Coastal

11

2

1957

 

3

T43

n/a

Minesweeper -Ocean

2

1

1960

 

4

12-15m

n/a

Patrol Craft -Inshore

6

6

n/a

 

 

 

 

Coast Guard

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

Damen Stan Patrol 4207

Damen Shipyards

Patrol Vessel-Offshore

4

4

2008

Delivered from Netherlands

2

MTM-200

Lockheed

Martin

Coastal

Surveillance

System

1

1

2008

Delivered from USA

3

Patrol Boat

n/a

Patrol Boat

5

5

1999

Delivered from USA

4

Sea Spectre

Mk III

n/a

Patrol Boat

2

2

n/a

Delivered from Italy

5

V 4000

n/a

Patrol Craft-Fast

8

8

n/a

 

6

Type 303

n/a

Patrol Craft-Coastal

1

1

1965

 

7

Type 227

n/a

Patrol Craft-Inshore

4

4

1966

Delivered from Italy

8

Type 2010

n/a

Patrol Craft-Inshore

7

7

n/a

Delivered from Italy

9

Type 246

n/a

Patrol Craft-Inshore

1

1

1980

Delivered from Italy

 

 

Naval Aviation

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

AB 206

Augusta-Bell

Helicopter - Utility

7

7

2002

Delivered from Italy

2

AB 205

Augusta-Bell

Helicopter - Utility

7

7

2004

Delivered from Italy

3

Bell 212B

Bell Textron

Helicopter -Support

1

1

1992

Delivered from USA

4

AS 350B

Eurocopter

Helicopter - Liaison

3

3

1991

Delivered from France

5

Arcor 25

Arcor

Patrol Craft

4

4

1990

Delivered from Italy

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Albania is increasingly active transshipment point for Southwest Asian opiates, hashish, and cannabis transiting the Balkan route and - to a lesser extent - cocaine from South America destined for Western Europe; limited opium and expanding cannabis production; ethnic Albanian narcotrafficking organizations active and expanding in Europe; vulnerable to money laundering associated with regional trafficking in narcotics, arms, contraband, and illegal aliens.

 

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Tirana (Tirane)

 

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece in the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north. Strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea).

 

Geographic coordinates:

41 00 N, 20 00 E.

 

Area:

total: 28,748 sq km

land: 27,398 sq km

water: 1,350 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 691 km

border countries: Greece 212 km, Kosovo 112 km, Macedonia 181 km, Montenegro 186 km.

 

Coastline: 362 km.

 

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land.