Population: 85 458

GDP: 4 800 000 000,00 $


The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern, constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy.



Andorra has become a popular tourist destination visited by approximately ten million people each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty-free shopping. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its mature banking sector and low taxes. As part of its effort to modernize its economy, Andorra has opened to foreign investment, and engaged in other reforms, such as advancing tax initiatives aimed at supporting a broader infrastructure. Although not a member of the European Union (EU), Andorra enjoys a special relationship with the EU and uses the euro as its national currency.


Population: 85,458 (2014)


Nationality: noun: Andorran(s) adjective: Andorran


Ethnic groups: Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6%


Languages: Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese


Religions: Roman Catholic (predominant)


GDP: $4 800 000 000,00 (2012)

Governmental Structures


Government of Andorra -

Military Organization

Defense of Andorra  is the responsibility of France and Spain.

Conflicts and Disputes



Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Andorra la Vella


Location: Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains, on the border between France and Spain. Andorra is landlocked; straddles a number of important crossroads in the Pyrenees.


Geographic coordinates:

42 30 N, 1 30 E.



total: 468 sq km

land: 468 sq km

water: 0 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 118 km

border countries: France 55 km, Spain 63 km.


Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).


Natural resources: hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead.