Population: 166 280 712

GDP: 140 200 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 1



Muslim conversions and settlement in the region now referred to as Bangladesh began in the 10th century, primarily from Arab and Persian traders and preachers. Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area in the 16th century. Eventually the area known as Bengal, primarily Hindu in the western section and mostly Muslim in the eastern half, became part of British India.


Partition in 1947 resulted in an eastern wing of Pakistan in the Muslim-majority area, which became East Pakistan. Calls for greater autonomy and animosity between the eastern and western wings of Pakistan led to a Bengali independence movement. That movement, led by the Awami League (AL) and supported by India, won independence for Bangladesh in a brief war in 1971, during which at least 300,000 civilians died. The post-independence, AL government faced daunting challenges and in 1975 was overthrown by the military, triggering a series of military coups that resulted in a military-backed government and subsequent creation of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).



That government also ended in a coup in 1981, followed by military-backed rule until democratic elections in 1991. The BNP and AL have alternately held power since then, with the exception of a military-backed, emergency caretaker regime that suspended parliamentary elections planned for January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption.


That government returned the country to fully democratic rule in December 2008 with the election of the AL and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. In January 2014, the AL won the national election by an overwhelming majority after the BNP boycotted, extending Hasina's term as prime minister. With the help of international development assistance, Bangladesh has made great progress in food security since independence, and the economy has grown at an average of about 6 percent over the last two decades.



Population:  166,280,712 (2014)



Nationality: noun: Bangladeshi(s)  adjective: Bangladeshi



Ethnic groups: Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims)


Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English


Religions: Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% 



GDP: $140 200 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Bangladesh Defense Force: Bangladesh Army (Sena Bahini), Bangladesh Navy (Noh Bahini, BN), Bangladesh Air Force (Biman Bahini, BAF).

Conflicts and Disputes


Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Indian Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 29,000 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border.


Bangladesh is transit country for illegal drugs produced in neighboring countries.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Dhaka


Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India. Most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal.


Geographic coordinates:

24 00 N, 90 00 E.



total: 143,998 sq km

land: 130,168 sq km

water: 13,830 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 4,413 km

border countries: Burma 271 km, India 4,142 km.


Coastline: 580 km.


Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal.