Population: 9 608 058

GDP: 69 240 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 6


After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than have any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration.



Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place. Since his election in July 1994 as the country's first directly elected president, Aleksandr Lukashenko has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means and a centralized economic system. Government restrictions on freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion remain in place.



Population: 9,608,058 (2014)



Nationality:  noun: Belarusian(s)  adjective: Belarusian



Ethnic groups:  Belarusian 83.7%, Russian 8.3%, Polish 3.1%, Ukrainian 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.9%



Languages:  Belarusian (official) 23.4%, Russian (official) 70.2%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3%



Religions:  Eastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20%



GDP: $ 69 240 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Belarus Armed Forces: Land Force, Air and Air Defense Force, Special Operations Force.

Conflicts and Disputes


Boundary demarcated with Latvia and Lithuania; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Poland has implemented strict Schengen border rules to restrict illegal immigration and trade along its border with Belarus.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Minsk


Location: Eastern Europe, east of Poland. Landlocked; glacial scouring accounts for the flatness of Belarusian terrain and for its 11,000 lakes.


Geographic coordinates:

53 00 N, 28 00 E.



total: 207,600 sq km

land: 202,900 sq km

water: 4,700 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 3,642 km

border countries: Latvia 161 km, Lithuania 640 km, Poland 418 km, Russia 1,312 km, Ukraine 1,111 km.


Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).


Natural resources: timber, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay.