Population: 6 924 716

GDP: 53 700 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 9



The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908.



Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.



Population: 6,924,716 (2014)


Nationality: noun: Bulgarian(s) adjective: Bulgarian.


Ethnic groups: Bulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Roma 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), other (unknown) 10%.


Languages: Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5%.


Religions: Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4%.




GDP: $ 53 700 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Bulgarian Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Bulgarian Air Forces (Bulgarski Voennovazdyshni Sily, BVVS).

Conflicts and Disputes


Bulgaria is major European transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine for the European market; limited producer of precursor chemicals; vulnerable to money laundering because of corruption, organized crime; some money laundering of drug-related proceeds through financial institutions.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Sofia


Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey. Strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia.


Geographic coordinates:

43 00 N, 25 00 E.



total: 110,879 sq km

land: 108,489 sq km

water: 2,390 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 1,806 km

border countries: Greece 472 km, Macedonia 162 km, Romania 605 km, Serbia 344 km, Turkey 223 km.


Coastline: 354 km.


Natural resources: bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.