Burkina Faso

Population: 18 365 123

GDP: 12 130 000 000.00 $


Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Current President Blaise Compaore came to power in a 1987 military coup and has won every election since then.



There have been increasing protests over the belief that the president may try to run for a currently unconstitutional third term in the 2015 presidential elections. Burkina Faso's high population growth and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens.




Population: 18,365,123


Nationality:  noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)  adjective: Burkinabe.


Ethnic groups: Mossi over 40%, other approximately 60% (includes Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani).


Languages: French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population.


Religions: Muslim 60.5%, Catholic 19%, animist 15.3%, Protestant 4.2%, other 0.6%, none 0.4%.



GDP: $12 130 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Army, Air Force of Burkina Faso (Force Aerienne de Burkina Faso, FABF), National Gendarmerie

Conflicts and Disputes


Adding to illicit cross-border activities, Burkina Faso has issues concerning unresolved boundary alignments with its neighbors; demarcation is currently underway with Mali, the dispute with Niger was referred to the ICJ in 2010, and a dispute over several villages with Benin persists; Benin retains a border dispute with Burkina Faso around the town of Koualou.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Ouagadougou


Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana. Landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas.


Geographic coordinates:

13 00 N, 2 00 W.



total: 274,200 sq km

land: 273,800 sq km

water: 400 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 3,611 km

border countries: Benin 386 km, Cote d'Ivoire 545 km, Ghana 602 km, Mali 1,325 km, Niger 622 km, Togo 131 km.


Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).


Natural resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt.