Cape Verde

Population: 538 535

GDP: 1 955 000 000.00 $


The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cabo Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990.



Cabo Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cabo Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cabo Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.



Population: 538,535 (2014)


Nationality: noun: Cabo Verdean(s) adjective: Cabo Verdean


Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%


Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)


Religions: Roman Catholic 77.3%, Protestant 3.7% (includes Church of the Nazarene 1.7%, Adventist 1.5%, Universal Kingdom of God .4%, and God and Love .1%), other Christian 4.3% (includes Christian Rationalism 1.9%, Jehovah's Witness 1%, Assembly of God .9%, and New Apostolic .5%), Muslim 1.8%, other 1.3%, none 10.8%, unspecified 0.7%.



GDP: $ 1 955 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Armed Forces: Army (also called the National Guard, GN), Cabo Verde Coast Guard (Guardia Costeira de Cabo Verde, GCCV; includes naval infantry).

Conflicts and Disputes


Cape Verde is used as a transshipment point for Latin American cocaine destined for Western Europe, particularly because of Lusophone links to Brazil, Portugal, and Guinea-Bissau; has taken steps to deter drug money laundering, including a 2002 anti-money laundering reform that criminalizes laundering the proceeds of narcotics trafficking and other crimes and the establishment in 2008 of a Financial Intelligence Unit.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Praia


Location: Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal. Strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site.


Geographic coordinates:

16 00 N, 24 00 W.



total: 4,033 sq km

land: 4,033 sq km

water: 0 sq km


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 965 km.


Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum.