Central African Republic

Population: 5 277 959

GDP: 2 050 000 000.00 $



The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. In March, 2003 President Ange-Felix Patasse was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois Bozize, who established a transitional government.



Elections held in 2005 affirmed General Bozize as president; he was reelected in 2011 in voting widely viewed as flawed. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. The militant group the Lord's Resistance Army continues to destabilize southeastern Central African Republic, and several rebel groups joined together in early December 2012 to launch a series of attacks that left them in control of numerous towns in the northern and central parts of the country.



The rebels - who are unhappy with Bozize's government - participated in peace talks in early January 2013 which resulted in a coalition government including the rebellion's leadership. In March 2013, the coalition government dissolved, rebels seized the capital, and President Bozize fled the country. Rebel leader Michel Djotodia assumed the presidency, reappointed Nicolas Tiangaye as Prime Minister, and established a transitional government on 31 March. On 13 April 2013, the National Transitional Council affirmed Djotodia as President.



Population: 5,277,959



Nationality: noun: Central African(s) adjective: Central African.



Ethnic groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%.



Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages.



Religions: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%.



GDP: $ 2 050 000 000.00

Military Organization


Central African Armed Forces (Forces Armees Centrafricaines, FACA): Ground Forces (includes Military Air Service), General Directorate of Gendarmerie Inspection (DGIG), National Police.

Conflicts and Disputes


Central African Republic has periodic skirmishes over water and grazing rights among related pastoral populations along the border with southern Sudan persist.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Bangui


Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa.


Geographic coordinates:

7 00 N, 21 00 E.



total: 622,984 sq km

land: 622,984 sq km

water: 0 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 5,920 km

border countries: Cameroon 901 km, Chad 1,556 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,747 km, Republic of the Congo 487 km, South Sudan 1,055 km, Sudan 174 km.


Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).


Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower.