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Dominica

Population: 73 449

GDP: 495 000 000.00 $

Description

 

Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia Charles, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.

Population

 

Population: 73,449 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Dominican(s) adjective: Dominican

 

Ethnic groups: black 86.8%, mixed 8.9%, Carib Amerindian 2.9%, white 0.8%, other 0.7%

 

Languages: English (official), French patois

 

Religions:  Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 20.6% (Seventh-Day Adventist 6%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, other Christian 7.7%, Rastafarian 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.6%, none 6.1% 

GDP

 

GDP: $ 495 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

No regular military forces; Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force (includes Coast Guard).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Dominica is the only Caribbean state to challenge Venezuela's sovereignty claim over Aves Island and joins the other island nations in challenging whether the feature sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which permits Venezuela to extend its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf claims over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea.

 

Dominica is transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; minor cannabis producer.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Roseau

 

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago. Known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world.

 

Geographic coordinates:

15 25 N, 61 20 W.

 

Area:

total: 751 sq km

land: 751 sq km

water: 0 sq km.

 

Land boundaries: 0 km.

 

Coastline: 148 km.

 

Natural resources: timber, hydropower, arable land.