El Salvador

Population: 6 125 512

GDP: 24 670 000 000.00 $



El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.



Population: 6,125,512 (2014)


Nationality: noun: Salvadoran(s) adjective: Salvadoran


Ethnic groups: mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 1%


Languages: Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)


Religions: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8%




GDP: $ 24 670 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Salvadoran Armed Forces (Fuerza Armada de El Salvador, FAES): Salvadoran Army (Ejercito de El Salvador, ES), Salvadoran Navy (Fuerza Naval de El Slavador, FNES), Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena, FAS).

Conflicts and Disputes


International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras boundary, in 1992, with final agreement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified in the ICJ decision, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca.


El Slavador is transshipment point for cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced for local consumption; significant use of cocaine.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: San Salvador


Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras. The smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea.


Geographic coordinates:

13 50 N, 88 55 W.



total: 21,041 sq km

land: 20,721 sq km

water: 320 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 590 km

border countries: Guatemala 199 km, Honduras 391 km.


Coastline: 307 km.


Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land.