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Equatorial Guinea

Population: 722 254

GDP: 17 080 000 000.00 $

Description

 

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup.

 

Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections - as well as the 1999, 2004, 2008, and 2013 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed.

 

 

The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production, resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population's living standards have been slow to develop.

Population

 

Population: 722,254 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s) adjective: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean.

 

Ethnic groups:  Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4%.

 

Languages: Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4%.

 

Religions: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 17 080 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Equatorial Guinea Armed Forces (FAGE): Equatorial Guinea National Guard (Guardia Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial, GNGE (Army); Navy; Air Force.

Conflicts and Disputes

 

In 2002, ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but a dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River and imprecisely defined maritime coordinates in the ICJ decision delayed final delimitation; UN urged Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to resolve the sovereignty dispute over Gabon-occupied Mbane and lesser islands and to create a maritime boundary in the hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Malabo

 

Location: Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon. Insular and continental regions widely separated.

 

Geographic coordinates:

2 00 N, 10 00 E.

 

Area:

total: 28,051 sq km

land: 28,051 sq km

water: 0 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 528 km

border countries: Cameroon 183 km, Gabon 345 km.

 

Coastline: 296 km.

 

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay.