Population: 1 672 597

GDP: 19 970 000 000.00 $



El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - dominated the country's political scene for four decades (1967-2009) following independence from France in 1960. President Bongo introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s.



However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in December 2002 and the presidential elections in 2005 exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon.



Following President Bongo's death in 2009, new elections brought Ali Bongo Ondimba, son of the former president, to power. Despite constrained political conditions, Gabon's small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make it one of the more stable African countries.



Population: 1,672,597


Nationality: noun: Gabonese (singular and plural) adjective: Gabonese.


Ethnic groups: Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality.


Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi.


Religions: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%.



GDP: $ 19 970 000 000.00  (2013)

Military Organization


Gabonese Defense Forces (Forces de Defense Gabonaise): Land Force (Force Terrestre), Gabonese Navy (Marine Gabonaise), Gabonese Air Forces (Forces Aerienne Gabonaises, FAG).

Conflicts and Disputes


UN urges Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to resolve the sovereignty dispute over Gabon-occupied Mbane Island and lesser islands and to establish a maritime boundary in hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Libreville


Location: Central Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea. Small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries; in general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity.


Geographic coordinates:

1 00 S, 11 45 E.



total: 267,667 sq km

land: 257,667 sq km

water: 10,000 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 3,261 km

border countries: Cameroon 349 km, Republic of the Congo 2,567 km, Equatorial Guinea 345 km.


Coastline: 885 km.


Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower.