Population: 10 775 557

GDP: 243 300 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 17



Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-communist and communist rebels.



Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001.



In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.



Population: 10,775,557


Nationality: noun: Greek(s) adjective: Greek


Ethnic groups: population: Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7%


Languages: Greek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%


Religions: Greek Orthodox (official) 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%



GDP: $ 243 300 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Hellenic Army (Ellinikos Stratos, ES), Hellenic Navy (Elliniko Polemiko Navtiko, EPN), Hellenic Air Force (Elliniki Polemiki Aeroporia, EPA).

Conflicts and Disputes


Greece and Turkey continue discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; Greece rejects the use of the name Macedonia or Republic of Macedonia; the mass migration of unemployed Albanians still remains a problem for developed countries, chiefly Greece and Italy.


Greece  is a gateway to Europe for traffickers smuggling cannabis and heroin from the Middle East and Southwest Asia to the West and precursor chemicals to the East; some South American cocaine transits or is consumed in Greece; money laundering related to drug trafficking and organized crime.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Athens


Location: Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey. Strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands.


Geographic coordinates:

39 00 N, 22 00 E.



total: 131,957 sq km

land: 130,647 sq km

water: 1,310 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 1,110 km

border countries: Albania 212 km, Bulgaria 472 km, Macedonia 234 km, Turkey 192 km.


Coastline: 13,676 km.



Natural resources: ignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential.