Population: 110 152

GDP: 811 000 000.00 $



Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher Columbus discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves.


Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere.



Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time.



Population: 110,152 (2014)


Nationality: noun: Grenadian(s) adjective: Grenadian


Ethnic groups: black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian


Languages: English (official), French patois


Religions: Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%




GDP: $ 811 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


No regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard).

Conflicts and Disputes


Grenada has small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Saint George's


Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada.


Geographic coordinates:

12 07 N, 61 40 W.



total: 344 sq km

land: 344 sq km

water: 0 sq km.


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 121 km.


Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors.