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Guatemala

Population: 14 647 083

GDP: 53 900 000 000.00 $

Description

 

The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the internal conflict, which had left more than 200,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, about 1 million refugees.

Population

 

Population: 14,647,083 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Guatemalan(s) adjective: Guatemalan

 

Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1%.

 

Languages: Spanish (official) 60%, Amerindian languages 40%. There are 23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca

 

Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs

GDP

 

GDP: $ 53 900 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

National Army of Guatemala (Ejercito Nacional de Guatemala, ENG; includes Guatemalan Navy (Fuerza de Mar, including Marines) and Guatemalan Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Guatemalteca, FAG)).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Annual ministerial meetings under the Organization of American States-initiated Agreement on the Framework for Negotiations and Confidence Building Measures continue to address Guatemalan land and maritime claims in Belize and the Caribbean Sea; Guatemala persists in its territorial claim to half of Belize, but agrees to Line of Adjacency to keep Guatemalan squatters out of Belize's forested interior; both countries agreed in April 2012 to hold simultaneous referenda, which was scheduled for 6 October 2013, to decide whether to refer the dispute to the ICJ for binding resolution, though this has been suspended indefinitely; Mexico must deal with thousands of impoverished Guatemalans and other Central Americans who cross the porous border looking for work in Mexico and the United States.

 

 

Guatemala is major transit country for cocaine and heroin; in 2005, cultivated 100 hectares of opium poppy after reemerging as a potential source of opium in 2004; potential production of less than 1 metric ton of pure heroin; marijuana cultivation for mostly domestic consumption; proximity to Mexico makes Guatemala a major staging area for drugs (particularly for cocaine); money laundering is a serious problem; corruption is a major problem.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Guatemala City

 

Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize. No natural harbors on west coast.

 

Geographic coordinates:

15 30 N, 90 15 W.

 

Area:

total: 108,889 sq km

land: 107,159 sq km

water: 1,730 sq km.

 

 

Land boundaries:

total: 1,667 km

border countries: Belize 266 km, El Salvador 199 km, Honduras 244 km, Mexico 958 km.

 

Coastline: 400 km.

 

Natural resources: petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower.