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Guinea

Population: 11 474 383

GDP: 6 544 000 000.00 $

Description

 

Guinea is at a turning point after decades of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Guinea held its first free and competitive democratic presidential and legislative elections in 2010 and 2013 respectively. Alpha Conde was elected to a five year term as president in 2010, and the National Assembly was seated in January 2014.

 

 

Conde's cabinet is the first all-civilian government in Guinea. Previously, Sekou Toure ruled the country as president from independence to his death in 1984. Lansana Conte came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after Toure's death. Gen. Conte organized and won presidential elections in 1993, 1998, and 2003, though all the polls were rigged. Upon Conte's death in December 2008, Capt.

 

 

Moussa Dadis Camara led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution. His unwillingness to yield to domestic and international pressure to step down led to heightened political tensions that culminated in September 2009 when presidential guards opened fire on an opposition rally killing more than 150 people, and in early December 2009 when Camara was wounded in an assassination attempt and exiled to Burkina Faso. A transitional government led by Gen. Sekouba Konate paved the way for Guinea's transition to a fledgling democracy.

Population

 

Population: 11,474,383 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Guinean(s) adjective: Guinean.

 

Ethnic groups: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%.

 

Languages: French (official). Each ethnic group has its own language.

 

Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 6 544 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

National Armed Forces: Army, Guinean Navy (Armee de Mer or Marine Guineenne, includes Marines), Guinean Air Force (Force Aerienne de Guinee).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Conflicts among rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs in neighboring states have spilled over into Guinea resulting in domestic instability; Sierra Leone considers Guinea's definition of the flood plain limits to define the left bank boundary of the Makona and Moa rivers excessive and protests Guinea's continued occupation of these lands, including the hamlet of Yenga, occupied since 1998.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Conakry

 

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. The Niger and its important tributary the Milo River have their sources in the Guinean highlands.

 

Geographic coordinates:

11 00 N, 10 00 W.

 

Area:

total: 245,857 sq km

land: 245,717 sq km

water: 140 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 4,046 km

border countries: Cote d'Ivoire 816 km, Guinea-Bissau 421 km, Liberia 590 km, Mali 1,062 km, Senegal 363 km, Sierra Leone 794 km.

 

Coastline: 320 km.

 

Natural resources: bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt.