Population: 5 882 562

GDP: 43 490 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 1



Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French demarcated the region of Lebanon in 1920 and granted this area independence in 1943. Since independence the country has been marked by periods of political turmoil interspersed with prosperity built on its position as a regional center for finance and trade.



The country's 1975-90 civil war that resulted in an estimated 120,000 fatalities, was followed by years of social and political instability. Sectarianism is a key element of Lebanese political life. Neighboring Syria has long influenced Lebanon's foreign policy and internal policies, and its military occupied Lebanon from 1976 until 2005. The Lebanon-based Hizballah militia and Israel continued attacks and counterattacks against each other after Syria's withdrawal, and fought a brief war in 2006. Lebanon's borders with Syria and Israel remain unresolved.



Population: 5,882,562 (2014)


Nationality: noun: Lebanese (singular and plural), adjective: Lebanese.


Ethnic groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%. Many christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendents of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians.


Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian.


Religions: Muslim 54% (27% Sunni, 27% Shia), Christian 40.5% (includes 21% Maronite Catholic, 8% Greek Orthodox, 5% Greek Catholic, 6.5% other Christian), Druze 5.6%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, Hindus, and Mormons. 18 religious sects recognized.




GDP: $ 43 490 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization


Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): Lebanese Army ((Al Jaysh al Lubnani) includes Lebanese Navy (Al Quwwat al Bahiriyya al Lubnaniya), Lebanese Air Force (Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Lubnaniya)).

Conflicts and Disputes


Lacking a treaty or other documentation describing the boundary, portions of the Lebanon-Syria boundary are unclear with several sections in dispute; since 2000, Lebanon has claimed Shab'a Farms area in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights; the roughly 2,000-strong UN Interim Force in Lebanon has been in place since 1978.


Refugees (country of origin): 447,328 (Palestinian refugees (UNRWA)); 1,107,550 (Syria).


Internally displaced persons: at least 20,000 (2007 Lebanese security forces' destruction of Palestinian refugee camp).

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Beirut


Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria. Lebanon is the smallest country in continental Asia; Nahr el Litani is the only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity.


Geographic coordinates:

33 50 N, 35 50 E



total: 10,400 sq km

land: 10,230 sq km

water: 170 sq km


Land boundaries:

total: 454 km

border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km.


Coastline: 225 km.


Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land.