Population: 9 488

GDP: 60 000 000.00 $



The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific region. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.



Population: 9,488 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Nauruan(s), adjective: Nauruan.


Ethnic groups: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%.


Languages: Nauruan 93% (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English 2% (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes), other 5% (includes I-Kiribati 2% and Chinese 2%). Nauruan is spoken by 95% of the population, English by 66%, and other languages by 12%.


Religions: Protestant 60.4% (includes Nauru Congregational 35.7%, Assembly of God 13%, Nauru Independent Church 9.5%, Baptist 1.5%, and Seventh Day Adventist 0.7%), Roman Catholic 33%, other 3.7%, none 1.8%, unspecified 1.1%.



GDP: $ 60 000 000.00 (2005).

Conflicts and Disputes


No regular military forces. Nauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District.


Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands. World's smallest island country; situated just 53 km south of the Equator; Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia.


Geographic coordinates:

0 32 S, 166 55 E



total: 21 sq km

land: 21 sq km

water: 0 sq km


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 30 km.


Natural resources: phosphates, fish.