Population: 6 703 860

GDP: 30 560 000 000.00 $



Paraguay achieved its independence from Spain in 1811. In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay - Paraguay lost two-thirds of its adult males and much of its territory. The country stagnated economically for the next half century. Following the Chaco War of 1932-35 with Bolivia, Paraguay gained a large part of the Chaco lowland region.



The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner ended in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, Paraguay has held relatively free and regular presidential elections since the country's return to democracy.



Population: 6,703,860 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Paraguayan(s), adjective: Paraguayan.


Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%. Languages: Spanish (official), Guarani (official).


Religions: Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1%.



GDP: $ 30 560 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


Armed Forces Command (Commando de las Fuerzas Militares): Army, National Navy (Armada Nacional, includes Marine Corps, Naval Aviation, and Coast Guard), Paraguayan Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Paraguay, FAP), Logistics Command, War Materiel Directorate.

Conflicts and Disputes


Unruly region at convergence of Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising for extremist organizations.


Paraguay is major illicit producer of cannabis, most or all of which is consumed in Brazil, Argentina, and Chile; transshipment country for Andean cocaine headed for Brazil, other Southern Cone markets, and Europe; weak border controls, extensive corruption and money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; weak anti-money-laundering laws and enforcement.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Asuncion


Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina, southwest of Brazil. Landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; population concentrated in southern part of country.


Geographic coordinates:

23 00 S, 58 00 W



total: 406,752 sq km

land: 397,302 sq km

water: 9,450 sq km


Land boundaries:

total: 3,995 km

border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,365 km.


Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).


Natural resources: hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone.