Population: 10 813 834

GDP: 219 300 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 7



Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil, its wealthiest colony, in 1822.


A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.



Population: 10,813,834 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Portuguese (singular and plural), adjective: Portuguese.


Ethnic groups: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal.


Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used).


Religions: Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%

notes: represents population 15 years of age and older.



GDP: $ 219 300 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


Portuguese Army (Exercito Portuguesa), Portuguese Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Portuguese Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP).

Conflicts and Disputes


Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz.


Portugal  is seizing record amounts of Latin American cocaine destined for Europe; a European gateway for Southwest Asian heroin; transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest Asian heroin.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Lisbon


Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain. Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar.


Geographic coordinates:

39 30 N, 8 00 W



total: 92,090 sq km

land: 91,470 sq km

water: 620 sq km

note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands



Land boundaries:

total: 1,214 km

border countries: Spain 1,214 km.


Coastline: 1,793 km.


Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower.