Population: 2 123 160

GDP: 213 100 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 2



Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir, who had ruled the country since 1972.



His son, the current Amir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, overthrew the father in a bloodless coup in 1995. In short order, Hamad oversaw the creation of the pan-Arab satellite news network Al-Jazeera and Qatar's pursuit of a leadership role in mediating regional conflicts. In the 2000s, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As of 2007, oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar has not experienced domestic unrest or violence like that seen in other Near Eastern and North African countries in 2010-11, due in part to its immense wealth.



Since the outbreak of regional unrest, however, Doha has prided itself on its support for many of these popular revolutions, particularly in Libya and Syria. In mid-2013, Hamad transferred power to his 33 year-old son, Tamim bin Hamad - a peaceful abdication rare in the history of Arab Gulf states. Tamim has prioritized improving the domestic welfare of Qataris, including establishing advanced healthcare and education systems and expanding the country's infrastructure in anticipation of Doha's hosting of the 2022 World Cup.



Population: 2,123,160 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Qatari(s), adjective: Qatari.


Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%.


Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language.


Religions: Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other (includes mainly Hindu and other Indian religions) 14%.



GDP: $ 213 100 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


Qatari Emiri Land Force (QELF), Qatari Emiri Navy (QEN), Qatari Emiri Air Force (QEAF).

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Doha


Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. Strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits.


Geographic coordinates:

25 30 N, 51 15 E



total: 11,586 sq km

land: 11,586 sq km

water: 0 sq km


Land boundaries:

total: 60 km

border countries: Saudi Arabia 60 km.


Coastline: 563 km.


Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish.