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Republic of Moldova

Population: 3 583 288

GDP: 7 932 000 000.00 $

Description

 

Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Nistru River supporting the separatist region of Transnistria, composed of a Slavic majority population (mostly Ukrainians and Russians), but with a sizeable ethnic Moldovan minority. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a communist, Vladimir Voronin, as its president in 2001.

 

Voronin served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009, following the opposition's gain of a narrow majority in July parliamentary elections and the Communist Party's (PCRM) subsequent inability to attract the three-fifths of parliamentary votes required to elect a president and, by doing so, put into place a permanent government. Four Moldovan opposition parties formed a new coalition, the Alliance for European Integration (AEI), iterations of which have acted as Moldova's governing coalitions since. Moldova experienced significant political uncertainty between 2009 and early 2012, holding three general elections and numerous presidential ballots in parliament, all of which failed to secure a president.

 

 

Following November 2010 parliamentary elections, a reconstituted AEI-coalition consisting of three of the four original AEI parties formed a government, and in March 2012 was finally able to elect an independent as president. As of late May 2013, the ruling coalition - comprised of two of the original AEI parties and a splinter group from a third - is called the Pro-European Coalition. In November 2013, the Moldovan Government initialed an Association Agreement with the European Union (EU), advancing the coalition's policy priority of EU integration.

Population

 

Population: 3,583,288 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Moldovan(s), adjective: Moldovan.

 

Ethnic groups: Moldovan 75.8%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.9%, Gagauz 4.4%, Romanian 2.2%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1%, unspecified 0.4%

note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region.

 

Languages: Moldovan 58.8% (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language), Romanian 16.4%, Russian 16%, Ukrainian 3.8%, Gagauz 3.1% (Turkish language), Bulgarian 1.1%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.4%.

 

Religions: Orthodox 93.3%, Baptist 1%, other Christian 1.2%, other 0.9%, atheist 0.4%, none 1%, unspecified 2.2%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 7 932 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization

 

National Army: Land Forces Command, Air Forces Command (includes air defense unit), Logistics Command.

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor the transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria region, which remains under the auspices of an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-mandated peacekeeping mission comprised of Moldovan, Transnistrian, Russian, and Ukrainian troops.

 

Moldova has limited cultivation of opium poppy and cannabis, mostly for CIS consumption; transshipment point for illicit drugs from Southwest Asia via Central Asia to Russia, Western Europe, and possibly the US; widespread crime and underground economic activity.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Chisinau in Romanian (Kishinev in Russian). Landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone.

 

Location: Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania.

 

Geographic coordinates:

47 00 N, 29 00 E

 

Area:

total: 33,851 sq km

land: 32,891 sq km

water: 960 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 1,390 km

border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 940 km.

 

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).

 

Natural resources: lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone.