Saint Lucia

Population: 163 362

GDP: 1 377 000 000.00 $



The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.



Population: 163,362 (2014).


Nationality:  noun: Saint Lucian(s), adjective: Saint Lucian.


Ethnic groups: black/African descent 85.3%, mixed 10.9%, East Indian 2.2%, other 1.6%, unspecified 0.1%.


Languages: English (official), French patois.


Religions: Roman Catholic 61.5%, Protestant 25.5% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 10.4%, Pentecostal 8.9%, Baptist 2.2%, Anglican 1.6%, Church of God 1.5%, other Protestant 0.9%), other Christian 3.4% (includes Evangelical 2.3% and Jehovah's Witness 1.1%), Rastafarian 1.9%, other 0.4%, none 5.9%, unspecified 1.4%.




GDP: $ 1 377 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


No regular military forces; Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit, Marine Unit).

Conflicts and Disputes


Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea.


Saint Lucia is transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe.


Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Castries


Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. The twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean.


Geographic coordinates:

13 53 N, 60 58 W.



total: 616 sq km

land: 606 sq km

water: 10 sq km


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 158 km.


Natural resources: forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential.