Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Population: 102 918

GDP: 742 000 000.00 $



Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on Saint Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the United Kingdom for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.



Population: 102,918 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s), adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian.


Ethnic groups: black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, European 4%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 3%.


Languages: English, French patois.


Religions: Protestant 75% (Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%), Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12%.



GDP: $ 742 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


No regular military forces; Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force (RSVPF).

Conflicts and Disputes


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Kingstown


Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays.


Geographic coordinates:

13 15 N, 61 12 W




total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)

land: 389 sq km

water: 0 sq km


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 84 km.


Natural resources: hydropower, cropland.