Population: 196 628

GDP: 705 000 000.00 $



New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.



Population: 196,628


Nationality: noun: Samoan(s), adjective: Samoan.


Ethnic groups: Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4%.


Languages: Samoan (Polynesian) (official), English.


Religions: Protestant 57.4% (Congregationalist 31.8%, Methodist 13.7%, Assembly of God 8%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.9%), Roman Catholic 19.4%, Mormon 15.2%, Worship Centre 1.7%, other Christian 5.5%, other 0.7%, none 0.1%, unspecified 0.1%.



GDP: $ 705 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


No regular military forces; Samoa Police Force. Samoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Apia


Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand. Samoa occupies an almost central position within Polynesia.


Geographic coordinates:

13 35 S, 172 20 W.



total: 2,831 sq km

land: 2,821 sq km

water: 10 sq km


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 403 km.


Natural resources: hardwood forests, fish, hydropower.