San Marino

Population: 32 742

GDP: 1 866 000 000.00 $



Geographically the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of the European Union, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.



Population: 32,742 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural), adjective: Sammarinese.


Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian.


Languages: Italian.


Religions: Roman Catholic.



GDP: $ 1 866 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


No regular military forces; voluntary Military Corps (Corpi Militari) performs ceremonial duties and limited police support functions. Defense is the responsibility of Italy.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: San Marino


Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy. Landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines.


Geographic coordinates:

43 46 N, 12 25 E.



total: 61 sq km

land: 61 sq km

water: 0 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 39 km

border countries: Italy 39 km.


Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).


Natural resources: building stone.