Sierra Leone

Population: 5 743 725

GDP: 5 411 000 000.00 $



Democracy is slowly being reestablished after the civil war from 1991 to 2002 that resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (about a third of the population). The military, which took over full responsibility for security following the departure of UN peacekeepers at the end of 2005, is increasingly developing as a guarantor of the country's stability.



The armed forces remained on the sideline during the 2007 and 2012 national elections, and deployed over 850 peacekeepers to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). As of January 2014, Sierra Leone also fielded 122 staff for five UN peacekeeping missions. In March 2014, the closure of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Leone (UNIPSIL) marked the end of more than 15 years of peacekeeping and political operations in Sierra Leone. The government's stated priorities include furthering development - including recovering from the Ebola epidemic - creating jobs, and stamping out endemic corruption.



Population: 5,743,725 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Sierra Leonean(s), adjective: Sierra Leonean.


Ethnic groups: Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians).


Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%).


Religions: Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%.




GDP: $ 5 411 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization


Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF): Army (includes Maritime Wing and Air Wing).

Conflicts and Disputes


Sierra Leone opposes Guinean troops' continued occupation of Yenga, a small village on the Makona River that serves as a border with Guinea; Guinea's forces came to Yenga in the mid-1990s to help the Sierra Leonean military to suppress rebels and to secure their common border but have remained there even after both countries signed a 2005 agreement acknowledging that Yenga belonged to Sierra Leone; in 2012, the two sides signed a declaration to demilitarize the area.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Freetown


Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia. Rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa.


Geographic coordinates:

8 30 N, 11 30 W.



total: 71,740 sq km

land: 71,620 sq km

water: 120 sq km


Land boundaries:

total: 1,093 km

border countries: Guinea 794 km, Liberia 299 km.


Coastline: 402 km.


Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite.