Population: 5 567 301

GDP: 307 100 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 46



Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but was ousted two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.



Population: 5,567,301 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Singaporean(s), adjective: Singapore.


Ethnic groups: Chinese 74.2%, Malay 13.3%, Indian 9.2%, other 3.3%.


Languages: Mandarin (official) 36.3%, English (official) 29.8%, Malay (official) 11.9%, Hokkien 8.1%, Tamil (official) 4.4%, Cantonese 4.1%, Teochew 3.2%, other Indian languages 1.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.1%, other 1.1%.


Religions: Buddhist 33.9%, Muslim 14.3%, Taoist 11.3%, Catholic 7.1%, Hindu 5.2%, other Christian 11%, other 0.7%, none 16.4%.



GDP: $ 307 100 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization


Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense).

Conflicts and Disputes


Disputes persist with Malaysia over deliveries of fresh water to Singapore, Singapore's extensive land reclamation works, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries in the Johor and Singapore Straits; in 2008, ICJ awarded sovereignty of Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh/Horsburgh Island) to Singapore, and Middle Rocks to Malaysia, but did not rule on maritime regimes, boundaries, or disposition of South Ledge; Indonesia and Singapore continue to work on finalization of their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonesia's Batam Island; piracy remains a problem in the Malacca Strait.



Singapore has drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapore is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue for money laundering.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Singapore


Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia. Focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes.


Geographic coordinates:

1 22 N, 103 48 E.




total: 697 sq km

land: 687 sq km

water: 10 sq km


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 193 km.


Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports.