Solomon Islands

Population: 609 883

GDP: 1 159 000 000.00 $



The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, endemic crime, and a narrow economic base have undermined stability and civil society.



In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan Kemakeza sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.



Population: 609,883 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Solomon Islander(s), adjective: Solomon Islander.


Ethnic groups: Melanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3%.


Languages: Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages.


Religions: Protestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, none 0.03%, unspecified 0.1%.



GDP: $ 1 159 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization


No regular military forces; Royal Solomon Islands Police Force.

Conflicts and Disputes


Since 2003, the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands, consisting of police, military, and civilian advisors drawn from 15 countries, has assisted in reestablishing and maintaining civil and political order while reinforcing regional stability and security.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Honiara


Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea. Strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea; on 2 April 2007 an undersea earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale occurred 345 km WNW of the capital Honiara; the resulting tsunami devastated coastal areas of Western and Choiseul provinces with dozens of deaths and thousands dislocated; the provincial capital of Gizo was especially hard hit.


Geographic coordinates:

8 00 S, 159 00 E.



total: 28,896 sq km

land: 27,986 sq km

water: 910 sq km



Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 5,313 km.


Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel.