Population: 23 359 928

GDP: 505 500 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 12



In 1895, military defeat forced China's Qing Dynasty to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan came under Chinese Nationalist control after World War II. Following the communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Beginning in the 1950s, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure.



This process expanded rapidly in the 1980s. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist (Kuomintang or KMT) to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be management of sensitive relations between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic priorities for economic reform and growth.



Population: 23,359,928 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Taiwan (singular and plural), note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan, adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese).


Ethnic groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%.


Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects.


Religions: mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%.



GDP: $ 505 500 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization


Army, Navy (includes Marine Corps), Air Force, Coast Guard Administration, Armed Forces Reserve Command, Combined Service Forces Command, Armed Forces Police Command.

Conflicts and Disputes


Taiwan involved in complex dispute with Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam over the Spratly Islands, and with China and the Philippines over Scarborough Reef; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" has eased tensions but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; Paracel Islands are occupied by China, but claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam; in 2003, China and Taiwan became more vocal in rejecting both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea where all parties engage in hydrocarbon prospecting.


Taiwan is regional transit point for heroin, methamphetamine, and precursor chemicals; transshipment point for drugs to Japan; major problem with domestic consumption of methamphetamine and heroin; rising problems with use of ketamine and club drugs.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Taipei


Location: Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China. Strategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait.


Geographic coordinates:

23 30 N, 121 00 E.



total: 35,980 sq km

land: 32,260 sq km

water: 3,720 sq km

note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 1,566.3 km.


Natural resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, asbestos, arable land.