Population: 7 351 374

GDP: 4 838 000 000.00 $



French Togoland became Togo in 1960. Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema, installed as military ruler in 1967, ruled Togo with a heavy hand for almost four decades. Despite the facade of multi-party elections instituted in the early 1990s, the government was largely dominated by President Eyadema, whose Rally of the Togolese People (RPT) party has been in power almost continually since 1967 and its successor, the Union for the Republic, maintains a majority of seats in today's legislature.



Upon Eyadema's death in February 2005, the military installed the president's son, Faure Gnassingbe, and then engineered his formal election two months later. Democratic gains since then allowed Togo to hold its first relatively free and fair legislative elections in October 2007. After years of political unrest and condemnation from international organizations for human rights abuses, Togo is finally being re-welcomed into the international community.



Population: 7,351,374.


Nationality: noun: Togolese (singular and plural), adjective: Togolese.


Ethnic groups: African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%.


Languages: French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north).


Religions: Christian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51%.




GDP: $ 4 838 000 000.00 (2014).


Military Organization


Togolese Armed Forces (Forces Armees Togolaise, FAT): Togolese Army (l'Armee de Terre), Togolese Navy (Forces Naval Togolaises), Togolese Air Force (Force Aerienne Togolaise, TAF), National Gendarmerie.



Conflicts and Disputes




In 2001, Benin claimed Togo moved boundary monuments - joint commission continues to resurvey the boundary; talks continue between Benin and Togo on funding the Adjrala hydroelectric dam on the Mona River.


Refugees (country of origin): 19,088 (Ghana) (2014).


Togo is transit hub for Nigerian heroin and cocaine traffickers; money laundering not a significant problem.


Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Lome


Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana. The country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna.


Geographic coordinates:

8 00 N, 1 10 E.



total: 56,785 sq km

land: 54,385 sq km

water: 2,400 sq km.


Land boundaries:

total: 1,880 km

border countries: Benin 651 km, Burkina Faso 131 km, Ghana 1,098 km.


Coastline: 56 km.


Natural resources: phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land.