Trinidad and Tobago

Population: 1 223 916

GDP: 29 630 000 000.00 $



First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.



Population: 1,223,916 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s), adjective: Trinidadian, Tobagonian.


Ethnic groups: East Indian 35.4%, African 34.2%, mixed - other 15.3%, mixed African/East Indian 7.7%, other 1.3%, unspecified 6.2%.


Languages: English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese.


Religions: Protestant 32.1% (Pentecostal/Evangelical/Full Gospel 12%, Baptist 6.9%, Anglican 5.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4.1%, Presbyterian/Congretational 2.5, other Protestant 0.9), Roman Catholic 21.6%, Hindu 18.2%, Muslim 5%, Jehovah's Witness 1.5%, other 8.4%, none 2.2%, unspecified 11.1%.



GDP: $ 29 630 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization


Trinidad and Tobago Defense Force (TTDF): Trinidad and Tobago Army, Coast Guard, Air Guard, Defense Force Reserves.

Conflicts and Disputes


Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago abide by the April 2006 Permanent Court of Arbitration decision delimiting a maritime boundary and limiting catches of flying fish in Trinidad and Tobago's exclusive economic zone; in 2005, Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago agreed to compulsory international arbitration under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea challenging whether the northern limit of Trinidad and Tobago's and Venezuela's maritime boundary extends into Barbadian waters; Guyana has also expressed its intention to include itself in the arbitration as the Trinidad and Tobago-Venezuela maritime boundary may extend into its waters as well.


Trinidad and Tobago is transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; producer of cannabis.


Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Port of Spain


Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. Pitch Lake, on Trinidad's southwestern coast, is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt.


Geographic coordinates:

11 00 N, 61 00 W.



total: 5,128 sq km

land: 5,128 sq km

water: 0 sq km


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 362 km.


Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt.