Population: 10 782

GDP: 39 000 000.00 $



In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period.



Population: 10,782 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Tuvaluan(s), adjective: Tuvaluan.


Ethnic groups: Polynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%.


Languages: Tuvaluan (official), English (official), Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui).


Religions: Protestant 98.4% (Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%), Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%



GDP: $ 39 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization


No regular military forces; Tuvalu Police Force.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital:  Funafuti; administrative offices are in Vaiaku Village on Fongafale Islet.


Location: Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. One of the smallest and most remote countries on Earth; six of the nine coral atolls - Nanumea, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae - have lagoons open to the ocean; Nanumaya and Niutao have landlocked lagoons; Niulakita does not have a lagoon.


Geographic coordinates:

8 00 S, 178 00 E.



total: 26 sq km

land: 26 sq km

water: 0 sq km.


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 24 km.


Natural resources: fish, coconut (copra).