Population: 35 918 915

GDP: 26 090 000 000.00 $



The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi Amin (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton Obote (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri Museveni since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. A constitutional referendum in 2005 cancelled a 19-year ban on multi-party politics.




Population:  35,918,915.


Nationality: noun: Ugandan(s), adjective: Ugandan.


Ethnic groups: Baganda 16.9%, Banyankole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6%.


Languages: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic.


Religions: Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9%



GDP: $ 26 090 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization


Uganda People's Defense Force (UPDF): Land Forces (includes Marine Unit), Uganda Air Force.

Conflicts and Disputes


Uganda is subject to armed fighting among hostile ethnic groups, rebels, armed gangs, militias, and various government forces that extend across its borders; Ugandan refugees as well as members of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) seek shelter in southern Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Garamba National Park; LRA forces have also attacked Kenyan villages across the border.


Refugees (country of origin): 187,838 (Democratic Republic of Congo); 167,264 (South Sudan); 28,005 (Somalia); 16,601 (Rwanda); 14,367 (Burundi) (2015).


Internally displaced persons: 30,136 (displaced in northern Uganda because of fighting between government forces and the Lord's Resistance Army; as of 2011, most of the 1.8 million people displaced to IDP camps at the height of the conflict had returned home or resettled, but many had not found durable solutions; intercommunal violence and cattle raids) (2014).

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Kampala


Location: East-Central Africa, west of Kenya, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Landlocked; fertile, well-watered country with many lakes and rivers.


Geographic coordinates:

1 00 N, 32 00 E.



total: 241,038 sq km

land: 197,100 sq km

water: 43,938 sq km


Land boundaries:

total: 2,729 km

border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 877 km, Kenya 814 km, Rwanda 172 km, South Sudan 475 km, Tanzania 391 km.


Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).


Natural resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold.