Population: 266 937

GDP: 816 000 000.00 $



Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.




Population: 266,937 (2014).


Nationality: noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural), adjective: Ni-Vanuatu.


Ethnic groups: Ni-Vanuatu 97.6%, part Ni-Vanuatu 1.1%, other 1.3%.


Languages: local languages (more than 100) 63.2%, Bislama (official; creole) 33.7%, English (official) 2%, French (official) 0.6%, other 0.5%.


Religions: Protestant 70% (includes Presbyterian 27.9%, Anglican 15.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.5%, Assemblies of God 4.7%, Church of Christ 4.5%, Neil Thomas Ministry 3.1%, and Apostolic 2.2%), Roman Catholic 12.4%, customary beliefs 3.7% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 12.6%, none 1.1%, unspecified 0.2%.



GDP: $ 816 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization


No regular military forces; Vanuatu Police Force (VPF), Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF; includes Police Maritime Wing (PMW)).

Conflicts and Disputes


Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by Vanuatu and France.

Geographical Information and Map


Capital: Port-Vila (on Efate).


Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia. Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes and there are several underwater volcanoes as well.


Geographic coordinates:

16 00 S, 167 00 E.



total: 12,189 sq km

land: 12,189 sq km

water: 0 sq km.


Land boundaries: 0 km.


Coastline: 2,528 km.


Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish.