PROJECT 12322 ZUBR Air Cushion Landing Craft

Companies & Organizations:


Zubr air cushion landing craft is designed to sealift landing assault units (personnel and materiel) from equipped/non-equipped to non-equipped shore, as well as transport and plant mines.



High strength and floatability of the craft are provided by a rectangular pontoon, the main load-carrying part of the ship's hull. The superstructure built on the pontoon is divided into three compartments with two longitudinal bulkheads: combat materiel compartment in the midsection fitted with tank ramps, and outboard sections housing main and auxiliary propulsion units, troops compartments, living quarters, and NBC protection systems. To improve working conditions in the battle stations, troops compartments and living quarters, they are fitted with air conditioning and heating systems, sound/heat-insulating coatings, and structures made of vibrodamping materials.


The ship provides normal conditions for the crew to take meals and rest. Zubr landing craft can carry three main battle tanks (up to 131 tonnes), or ten armoured personnel carriers with 140 troops (up to 115 tonnes), or up to 500 troops (with 360 troops in the cargo compartment). At full displacement the ship is capable of negotiating up to 5-degree gradients on nonequipped shores and 1.6m-high vertical walls. Zubr remains seaworthy in up to 4 Sea States sailing on air cushion at 30-40 knots. 


Personnel is protected against effects of weapons of mass destruction with airtight sealing of combat stations, crew and troops compartments, as well as individual gas masks and protection suits. The ship is also protected from influence mines with the horizontal winding to compensate for the ship's and the transported materiel's magnetic fields. The central command post and MS-227 device compartments are strengthened with Amg-62T alloy armour.



Main propulsion plant

The ship’s main machinery includes three 10,000hp GGTA M35-1 gas turbine engines, two 10,000hp GGTA M35-2 superchargers, four NO10 axial turbochargers, and three AV- 98 propellers. Electric power is supplied by two GTG-100 100 kW gas turbogenerators. The ship’s movement and systems operation are managed by Flora-32 automated remote control system.



Armament & Equipment

two 30mm AK-630M automatic gun mounts (with MR-1213-01 fire control radar)

two 140mm stabilised multiple rocket systems (with MS-227 launchers, DVU-3 fire control range-finder/sight)

four Igla MANPADS



Navigation equipment

GKU-2 gyro direction finder

KM-60-M2 magnetic compass

RDL-3-AP100 Doppler drift log

Rumb direction finder

RS-1 navigation radar

Baza central gyro stabilisation system



Communications and surveillance systems

Buran-6 automated communications system

R-622 UHF radio

R-697 radio receiver


R-159 portable radios 

VNTs-452 day and night vision device

P-405 loud speaker system

MSNP-205M light signal device



Electronic equipment

MR-123-01 fire control radar

MR-244-3 surface surveillance radar

Zvezdochka-12322 ECCM equipment

MP-411E device

6710-01 device

Displacement, full load, t



Length, overall, on air cushion, m



Beam, overall, on air cushion, m



Height, overall, on air cushion, m



Flank speed, kts



Range, miles:

at 55 knots, 131-tonne load 300

at 55 knots, 115-tonne load 400


Endurance, limited by food and fresh water stocks, days





Defense Products & Services: PROJECT 12322 ZUBR Air Cushion Landing Craft
Companies & Organizations: 
Defense Products & Services Sectors: Air cushion craft, multi-role
Description: PROJECT 12322 ZUBR Air Cushion Landing Craft
Source of Information: Rosoboronexport Joint Stock Company